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In June 2018 Irish Origenes was commissioned to do a Y-DNA Case Study report for a Mr David McGinnis from Oregon in the USA. In that report (based exclusively on his commercial Y-DNA test results)... More
UPDATED October 2020, NEW (6th) McDonald Case Study Added! The McDonald surname is probably one of the most famous, spawning one of the world’s most notable brands. It is also one of the most common... More
The challenge with modern commercial ancestral mtDNA testing is linking a specific maternal Eve with a precise geographical location. However, pinpointing an origin for one’s direct female ancestor... More
The Autosomal DNA test is by far the most popular commercial ancestral DNA test worldwide (tests like’s, 23andMe, MyHeritage and FTDNA's Family Finder). BUT are you really getting the... More
Previous Scottish Origenes research has revealed how the Irish and Scottish Gaels share a common origin within the Rhineland of Central Europe, and that the progenitors of both groups sought refuge... More
The first ever Plantations Surnames of Ireland map has been completed just in time for the Back to Our Past Event in Belfast in 2019. The map details the precise location where farmers with each... More
Commercial ancestral Y-DNA testing has revealed that up to 40% of all Scottish males (and males with paternal Scottish ancestry) will have a Gaelic origin (the Y-DNA test only explores the paternal... More
Step I: When the Gaelic surname 'MacMichael' becomes Norman 'Mitchell' A change in ‘cultural identity’ can be quite rapid (think modern Americans who are a mix of almost every nation on the planet)... More
Ireland is one of Scotland's closest neighbours, and their shared heritage runs deep; it is reflected in surnames (Mac or Mc?), language (Gaelic) and not to forget their national drink (Whisky or... More
Anybody who has taken a simple painless commercial ancestral Y-DNA test (which only explores your paternal ancestry) will potentially have matched many people with lots of different surnames, and... More
Don Anderson, who is an adoptee from Oregon, has released a book which is a must read for all adoptees wishing to uncover the identities of their birth parents. Its also a must read for anyone... More
The DNA does not lie and upon commercial ancestral DNA testing the people who appear as a genetic match to you share a common ancestor with you, it is merely a matter of when that shared ancestor... More
A Sample DNA Case Study which shows how the NEW Scottish Origenes Surnames, Clans, Castles and DNA maps can be used together with a simple painless commercial ancestral DNA test to rediscover your... More
DETAILING the origin of approximately 4,000 different Scottish surnames, the Medieval territories of 400 of the most prominent Scottish Clans and Families, and the precise location of 1000 Scottish... More
Surname distribution mapping reveals that the Graham surname is associated with Scotland and bordering English Counties. Since farmers with each surname still concentrate in the area where one’s... More
The beauty with the DNA approach to researching one’s ancestral origin is that the DNA does not lie! The area identified in an Irish, Scottish, English or Welsh Origenes personalised DNA report can... More
Surnames evolve over both time and distance, and change usually at the whim of an administrator who simply records an unfamiliar surname as he hears it. In this manner similar sounding surnames... More
At Family Tree DNA’s  annual conference in 2012 I presented results demonstrating that the Scottish 'Valentines' were descended from a MacGregor who had changed his surname sometime in the early... More
I’ve been busy recently doing Case Studies and working on a Surnames and Y-DNA Map of Scotland (previewed here). But this Valentine Case Study is one of my all-time favourites and I’d like to share... More
Sometimes a quite remarkable Y-DNA Case Study comes along that I will try my best to get published in a Genealogical magazine. The latest one published in Family Tree Magazine details the Paterson... More
Every successful Irish, Scottish, or English Origenes Case Study tells an interesting story, some like the Durkin Case Study are easy to solve, others like the MacKenzie Case Study which features in... More
I was a guest speaker for Family Tree DNA at the 2013 Who Do You Think You Are LIVE event in London. The slides for that talk can now be downloaded by CLICKING HERE. This is my second set of talks... More
I was invited by the world’s largest commercial ancestral DNA testing Company 'Family Tree DNA' to give a talk entitled 'Pinpointing a Geographical Origin' at their 8th Annual Genetic Genealogy... More
The Royal house of Scotland sprang from the Kings of the Scots, who constituted only one of the 6 peoples inhabiting the modern lands of Scotland. Yet when Kenneth, son of Alpin, united the Picts and... More
When one thinks of Scottish surnames, one almost always thinks of those that begin with Mc’ or Mac.’ This is an over simplification as Scottish surnames are quite diverse and reflect the various... More
Scotland was first settled roughly 10,000 years ago after the end of the last ice age. The first reference to the people of Scotland comes from Roman sources that referred to the people north of... More

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The Grahams (3 DNA Reports)

Surname distribution mapping reveals that the Graham surname is associated with Scotland and bordering English Counties. Since farmers with each surname still concentrate in the area where one’s ancestor lived when he first inherited his surname, or in the area where one’s ancestors first settled, an examination of the location of Graham farmers in early census data reveals 10 distinct clusters (see attached image). Science has revealed that surnames that had a single founding ancestor are associated with a single geographical location. Hence the 10 distinct groups of Grahams may each have been founded by an unrelated ‘Adam’ (literally the first male (Adam) to take that surname) and simply share a surname, or they may be genetically related to one another and arose due to migration. 

Modern commercial ancestral DNA testing can answer questions regarding the origin of one’s Scottish Clan and relatedness among males that share a surname. Since surnames arose among related males living in a specific location, it means that each of the 10 Graham groups will have a ‘fingerprint’ of genetically matching surnames revealed upon Y-DNA testing (Y-DNA testing explores the male line only). This means for example that a Graham from Ayrshire will upon Y-DNA testing be a genetic match to males with surnames like McCrindle, McWhirter, Templeton and Dinning; surnames associated with Southwest Scotland. While in contrast a Graham from Ross and Cromarty will upon Y-DNA testing match males with surnames like Aird, Tolmie and Urquhart; surnames associated with the North of Scotland. Hence it is one’s genetic surname matches revealed upon YDNA testing that will reveal where your Graham ancestors once lived or rather originated within Scotland. Scottish Origenes is delighted to share 3 Graham Y-DNA reports (linked below). The Y-DNA results revealed that the three Graham test subject were unrelated to one another. The Y-DNA results also revealed that each test subject was related to one of the 10 geographically distinct Graham Clans. 

  1. The Graham of Dumfriesshire DNA Report can be downloaded by clicking here.
  2. The Graham of Lanarkshire DNA Report can be downloaded by clicking here.
  3. The Graham of Argyllshire DNA Report can be downloaded by clicking here.

All 3 Graham test subject’s are genetically unrelated and simply share a common surname. As more Graham males participate in YDNA testing it will reveal whether the 7 remaining identified Graham Clans are unrelated or whether some share common ancestry (and arose due to migration).  Eventually every Graham that participates in Y-DNA testing will, based upon their ‘fingerprint’ of genetically matching surnames, be able to identify where precisely the Graham ancestors originated. The New Scottish Surnames and DNA Map (previewed here) is designed to help one understand one’s DNA results and identify where one’s Scottish ancestors once lived. If you have taken a commercial ancestral DNA test and would like a FREE CONSULTATION then contact me by clicking here. If you would like to participate in commercial ancestral DNA testing and want to find out what test is suitable for you then contact me by clicking here. What will your DNA reveal?


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